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Liquefied Natural Gas Outlook: Expectations and Reality

Liquefied Natural Gas Outlook: Expectations and Reality

World market has shown interest to liquefied gas in the past several years. Production technologies are being improved, which leads to cheaper costs, including LNG transportation costs. Liquefied gas is becoming a real competitor for pipeline gas. Demand for LNG is growing as offshore gas production is speeding up and the distance from extraction sites to end consumer markets is increasing. Many talk of a fundamentally new page in the history of gas industry development.

Russia has so far been aside of the global trend. Traditionally we have relied on pipeline exports, therefore LNG has been a wonder for Russia for a long time. One of the reasons is technological backwardness. Russia is the largest exporter of natural gas but still does not have own liquefying facilities. This cramps its role in the world gas market that is currently dominated by Europe and former Soviet republics.

However, right now we are witnessing attempts to catch up with the global trend. Producers have announced several large LNG projects. But what are their real abilities? The new study by the National Energy Security Fund will help interested readers investigate this delicate subject and understand what is in store for LNG production and export in the nearest years.

The study dwells on the following subjects:

  • LNG projects outlook in Russia from the standpoint of resource base, potential access to new trade markets, cost of plants and their political feasibility. Analysis of the proposed Baltic LNG Plant, Sakhalin-2, LNG production opportunities in the framework of the Shtokman project.
  • Gazprom's strategy in the LNG sphere. Official plans and real potential. Supporters and opponents of LNG industry development among Gazprom's top managers.
  • Government's attitude toward the development of liquefied gas in Russia.
  • Governmental regulation of LNG production. Laws regulating LNG export.
  • Possible cooperation with foreign companies. Partners selection criteria: who and why will get access to LNG production in Russia.

The content of the report:

Index2
Introduction4
Chapter 1. Gazprom's strategy developing production and exports of liquefied natural gas 5
1.1. The history of Gazprom's approach to LNG 5
1.2. Conflict of interests of the production and export groups inside Gazprom 10
1.3. Liquefied gas for domestic use
11
Chapter 2. LNG as a harmonic component of Gazprom's energy strategy12
2.1. LNG and pipeline gas: complementarity, not competition12
2.2. Dynamics of LNG market. Demand and supply13
2.3. Risks and problems of LNG development 17
2.4. Pricing and risk management in LNG projects 18
2.5. Lawmaking in the LNG segment 20
Chapter 3. Main Russian LNG projects21
3.1. Sakhalin-221
3.2. Shtokman LNG 24
3.3. Baltic LNG 27
3.4. Yamal-LNG: unsuccessful attempt to launch independent LNG exports project 28
Chapter 4. LNG and «Gas OPEC» (OGEC). Geopolitical aspects of global LNG market development 30
4.1. Gas exporting countries forum and possibility of an OGEC on its platform 31
4.2. Interests of exporting countries and risks for Russia in case a cartel is organized 35
Chapter 5. Foreign participants in LNG projects in Russia37
5.1. Shell Gas & Power 37
5.2. Mitsui49
5.3. Mitsubishi Corp49
5.4. Total40
5.4. StatoilHydro40
Chapter 6. Offshore potential of Russia and outlook of global gas market42
Main conclusions 46
Date of issueMarch 11, 2008

If you are interested to obtain please contact » Elena Kim

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