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Global Market of Energy Resources: Main Development Trends and the Role of Russian Companies

Global Market of Energy Resources: Main Development Trends and the Role of Russian Companies

The modern world is no longer divided into a capitalist and a socialist camp. Yet division itself is not gone. In the context of intensifying hunger for hydrocarbons, the division into the «Upstream World» and the «Downstream World» becomes increasingly obvious.

Nations that are the primary consumers of energy resources have too scanty reserves of oil and notably gas. And vice versa: nations possessing reserves are not in the lead as their consumers. As a result, these two worlds profess absolutely different strategies. The first spare no effort to gain access to reserves and the second to gain an end-user market share. Naturally enough, both processes continue on a very dramatic scale.

Western corporations are making active attempts at fighting the «resource nationalism» while Russian, Middle Eastern, and Latin American ones are struggling against «energy snobbery». Under way is aggressive struggle for assets where stakes are too high.

The Report offers an in-depth discussion of the following subjects:

  • Foreign companies facing increasingly tougher working conditions in upstream as a global trend

    • A comparative analysis of the criteria for non-residents to gain access to upstream in Latin America, the Persian Gulf, Africa, and Central Asia
  • Tax treatment in the industry

    • Future of concessions and production sharing agreement
    • Change of tendencies in the fiscal policy of reserve-rich countries
  • Serious change of access to assets in the downstream segment for non-residents

    • Large-scale change of foreign investment legislation in the US, the European Union, and China
    • Comparative analysis
  • Medium-term forecast of developments

The contents of the report:

Introduction. Two Energy Poles: the World of Reserves and the World of Consumption 2
Chapter 1. Rules of the Game in the World Upstream 6
1.1. Latin American Countries 7
1.2. African Countries 15
1.3. Persian Gulf Countries 24
1.4. Central Asian States 35
Chapter 2. Rules of the Game in the World Downstream 45
Chapter 3. New Working Conditions in the Russian Market. Asset Exchange Process and Partnership between Russian and Foreign Companies in International Projects 48
Conclusion. Are the Two Worlds Monolithic? 54
Date of issue October 27, 2008

If you are interested to obtain please contact » Elena Kim

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Gazprom is being actively thrown out of the market. Its annual supplies to Europe have shrunk from the previous 150 billion to 65 billion cubic metres of gas. European officials assure that they have already learnt how to live without Russian gas, so they will bring its purchases down to but nominal values in 2023. Their main hope is liquefied natural gas. Today the EU must make a crucial decision: whether it has passed the point of no return in gas business with Russia and whether it is certain that its economy will endure without supplies of Russian pipeline gas. Or, on the contrary, Europe will realise after all that the gas balance will not be achieved and the payment for so headlong a rush for LNG will be disproportionate. Assessment of the potential volume of LNG that will appear on the market before the end of the current decade will be the most important factor for making the decision.

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