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Central Asia and Caspian Region: Problems of Development and Transportation of Hydrocarbons

Central Asia and Caspian Region:  Problems of Development and Transportation of Hydrocarbons

Despite problems related to signing contracts on purchasing gas from the Caspian region countries, the European Commission is fully determined to implement Southern Corridor projects to reduce dependence on Russia. In its turn, Moscow keeps steadily promoting its alternative South Stream project. But the price of the question puts both sides into a difficult position.

Azerbaijan is playing its own game twisting arms of the Europeans by threatening to sell gas either to Russia or to implement its own small projects on pumping gas to certain countries. The situation in Central Asia is also sharpening with China having strengthened its positions and ready to impede any attempt to transport Turkmen gas to the West.

A new report of the National Energy Security Fund analyzes progress of development of a resource base, problems of infrastructure and commercial relations as well as geopolitical aspects of the Caspian gas project development.

The report elaborates on the following issues:

  • The condition of upstream business in major countries in the region

    • The real level of production in each country in the medium-term perspective
  • Old and new infrastructure to deliver hydrocarbons from Central Asia to Russia, the EU, China and Iran

    • Successful and failed projects
    • Costs of the most promising routes
  • Marketing of Central Asian gas

    • Evolution of Russia’s strategy
    • Changes in pricing formulae
    • Reasons for low prices for China
    • Dilemma of countries in this region: money or direct access to markets?
  • Main risks:

    • resource, political, transit and commercial
    • Problems of underground gas storages and reliability of supplies
  • The situation concerning production and transportation of oil from the Caspian region: current state and prospects

    • Production capacities of Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan
    • Russia’s participation in oil logistics
  • Medium-term forecast of developments

The contents of the report::

Introduction 3
Chapter 1. Gas Production Resource Base in the Caspian Region, Production Growth Potential 4
1.1. Azerbaijan 4
1.2. Turkmenistan 6
1.3. Uzbekistan 8
1.4. Kazakhstan 10
1.5. Russian sector of the Caspian Sea 11
1.6. Iran 12
1.7. Iraq 13
Chapter 2. Existing Infrastructure of Gas Supplies, Current Contracts 14
2.1. Central Asia-Center Gas Pipeline System 14
2.2. Russian-Kazakhstani Gas Relations 18
2.3. New Gas Axis – Central Asia-China 19
2.4. Gas Pipelines from Turkmenistan to Iran and from Iran to Turkey 20
2.5. Baku-Tbilisi-Erzurum Gas Pipeline, Supplies of Azerbaijani Gas to Russia 22
Chapter 3. New Projects, Development Prospects of Sales Markets 24
3.1. Southern Corridor 25
3.2. Trans-Caspian Route 29
3.3 East-West Gas Pipeline 31
3.4. South Stream 33
3.5. White Stream 36
3.6. Islamic pipelines 37
Chapter 4. Caspian risks 39
4.1. Geopolitical Combat: Positions of Main Players 39
4.2. Resource and Political Risks 43
4.3. Turkish Factor 44
4.4. Commercial Risks and Expansion of Azerbaijan 45
Chapter 5. Caspian oil junction 47
5.1. Oil Sector of Azerbaijan 47
5.2. Oil Sector of Kazakhstan 49
Chapter 6. Forecast: Who Will Win 61
6.1. Demand for Gas after Fukushima 61
6.2. Prospects of Growth in Production and Export Capacities of Caspian States (Except Russia and Iran) 62
6.3. Prospects of Southern Corridor and South Stream 63
Date of issue: September 19th, 2011

If you are interested to obtain please contact » Elena Kim

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