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State Regulation of the Oil and Gas Sector in 2009 and Outlooks for 2010

State Regulation of the Oil and Gas Sector in 2009 and Outlooks for 2010

The National Energy Security Fund traditionally sums up the year results with a concluding report evaluating main tendencies and events in the oil and gas sector.

The year 2009 was quite eventful. The situation with production made the executive power change priorities in the taxation policy. There were desperate battles for export routes of hydrocarbons. Wars for property and licenses continued. Preparations for a new wave of privatization began. Non-residents were again actively invited to invest in upstream.

There was a complicated situation: problems with production were becoming more and more obvious but main players were focused on disputes between clans rather than on solving the problems.

The following issues will be elaborated on in the report:

  • Production results of the year

    • Stagnation in the production sector amid rising costs
    • Revision of development strategies of companies with decline in forecast parameters
    • Main production and marketing risks
  • Export route wars

    • The European and Chinese ways of Russia’s fuel and energy sector development
    • Baltic Pipeline System-2 vs. East Siberia-Pacific Ocean pipeline
    • Active promotion of a gas pipeline to China and political motives behind exports of hydrocarbons to the PRC
  • Fiscal and customs policies

    • Tax benefits in 2009 and their influence on the sector
    • Main beneficiaries of a new taxation policy. Prospects of a “tax haven” in Yamal
    • “Eastern allowances”
    • Dividend policies of companies
    • Raising profits instead of greenfield investments
  • New laws, e.g. “On Energy Efficiency” and “On Oil”, as instruments of administrative confrontation

  • Struggle for geology

    • Battles for a resource base between clans
    • Prospects of reforms in the geological prospecting sector and creation of a Rosgeologia state corporation
  • Changes in policies towards non-residents

    • Transferring investment risks and the necessity of finding technical solutions onto foreign firms
    • Shtokman: basic precedent or local solution?
    • The Kamchatka case – non-residents as victims of inter-clan wars
  • Forecast of the sector’s development in 2010

    • Economic possibilities and political threats

     

    The contents of the report:

    Introduction. 2
    Chapter 1.Preliminary Results of Production in 2009 3
    Chapter 2.Struggle for Export Routes 15
    Chapter 3.Non-residents: New “Romantic Period” 30
    Chapter 4.Struggle of Clans for Resource Base 35
    Chapter 5.Tax Novelties in the Sector 51
    Forecast of the Sector Development in 2010 60
    Date of issue January 13th, 2010

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The tax system in the oil and gas sector continues to undergo radical changes. The beginning of 2019 saw the introduction of a new tax regime: additional income tax. That experiment was supposed to start migration of the oil industry to an innovative principle of taxation: on profit, not revenue. It seemed that a new main road was found. In the same year, however, the Finance Ministry launched an overt offensive against AIT. The fear of loss of government revenue now is more powerful than the threat of causing oil production to collapse in the medium term because of a tax system that does not stimulate investment. The Finance Ministry would strongly prefer to speed up the tax manoeuvre completion that earns the state budget additional money. Oil and gas companies respond to this with individual lobbying, attempting to wangle special treatment for their projects.

All reports for: 2015 , 14 , 13 , 12 , 11 , 10 , 09 , 08 , 07

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