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Anti-Crisis Policy in the Oil and Gas Sector And Its Consequences

Anti-Crisis Policy in the Oil and Gas Sector And Its Consequences

The oil and gas sector is learning to operate in new realities. Production at traditional deposits in Western Siberia is declining requiring additional investments. Eastern Siberian fields are in fact green fields located far away from the existing transportation infrastructure. Offshore projects need both money and technologies. Competition on international markets is growing. Oil prices are comfortable but not as high as in mid 2008. Meanwhile, the taxation system is still designed to withdraw windfall revenues from the sector.

As a result, Vladimir Putin is facing a necessity to decide on the role the oil and gas industry should play. The selection of anti-crisis measures in the sector depends on that. If the oil and gas industry is just a source of budget revenues, its taxation should be toughened, which will inevitably lead to a fast and sharp drop in production. If the sector is considered the economy’s locomotive, one has to think about its development. But in this case there is a question about the revenue shortfall. If the oil and gas sector is a source of cheap fuel ensuring competitive advantages of other industries, one has to think about wise combination of fiscal and tariff policies.

Different roles Vladimir Putin plays result in some chaos in managing the sector. In particular, on one side, he deals quite willingly with Gazprom’s development. But on the other side, the company is interested in raising domestic gas prices by ensuring equal profitability of exports and supplies to the domestic market. However, this will be a serious blow to the Russian industry Putin is responsible for being the prime minister.

The report will elaborate on the following issues:

  • New taxation policy in the oil and gas industry

    • The necessity to invest in new production areas has already made the government introduce some novelties in the oil sector taxation. This includes a zero royalty at new deposits, changes in this tax calculation formula and a zero tax on exports from Eastern Siberian fields. But the key issue is how efficient and sufficient these measures are. And what will the upcoming novelties, e.g. replacing the royalty with an extra revenue tax, result in?
    • Another important question concerns prospects of changes in the gas sector taxation
  • Choosing between long-term and short-term tasks

    • The problem of promotion of different types of investment policies in the sector
    • Political decisions regarding the role of the oil and gas sector in the future economy
    • Proposed reforms and their administrative meaning
  • Non-residents in the industry

    • Constant revision of the role of foreign companies in the Russian oil and gas sector development, including in offshore projects
    • Prospects of amending the law on foreign investments in strategic sectors
    • Positions of main administrative clans
  • Domestic fuel prices

    • Prospects of cancelation of different models of the oil and gas industry (high taxes in the oil industry – high fuel prices on the domestic market; low taxes in the gas industry – cheap gas for domestic consumers)
    • Political aspects of struggle against monopolization of the Russian fuel market
    • The “eternal” issue of the oil product quality
    • Prospects of transfer to a fundamentally new model of gas pricing
  • Forecast of developments

The contents of the report:

Introduction 2
Chapter 1. Dilemmas of the Oil and Gas Sector Development 6
1.1. OGS Role in Russia’s Economy 6
1.2. Reconsidering OGS Role during the Crisis 12
Chapter 2. Anti-Crisis Taxation Policy in the Oil and Gas Sphere 20
2.1. Minerals Production Tax 20
2.2.  Export Duty 23
2.3. Introduction of Income Added Tax 27
2.4. Taxation Peculiarities in the Gas Sector 28
2.5. Petroleum Product Excises 29
Chapter 3. Measures on Maintaining Production, Condition of Geological Prospecting 33
3.1. Worsened Condition of the Mineral Resources Base 34
3.2. Degradation of the Geological Prospecting Sector 36
3.3. Competition between Old and New Production Provinces 39
3.4. Problems of Developing Russian Offshore Zones 41
Chapter 4. Steps to Develop the Oil Processing Industry 44
4.1. Main Problems of the Oil Processing Sector 44
4.2. Prospects of Reforms in the Oil Processing Industry 46
Chapter 5. Problem of Associated Gas Utilization 52
Chapter 6. Medium-Term State Strategy in the Oil and Gas Sector 59
Date of issue: 21st June 2010

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Outlook for Russian LNG Industry
Russian Energy and West One Year after Ukraine Conflict Began: Are There Connections Still?
Green Agenda in Russia during Bitter Conflict with West
After February 2022 the agenda was radically rewritten. Western companies began leaving Russia en masse, economic relations with the West were drastically reduced, and the Russian economy began to be pushed violently from the global economic space, hemmed in by sweeping sanctions. All that was, to put it mildly, not the best background for talking about ESG. Especially because tasks of survival and stability under unprecedented pressure became the priority in the economy. In late 2022, however, attempts to reanimate the ESG agenda already became obvious. The message is put across insistently that it is important to Russia regardless of the foreign policy situation. While earlier the “green pivot” was seen as an opportunity to attract Western investors and their technological solutions to Russia, now Keynesian reliance on domestic manufacture is discussed.
Oil and Gas Sector Regulation in 2022 and Prospects for 2023
Gazprom at the Forefront of Economic and Political Battles with Europe
Gazprom is being actively thrown out of the market. Its annual supplies to Europe have shrunk from the previous 150 billion to 65 billion cubic metres of gas. European officials assure that they have already learnt how to live without Russian gas, so they will bring its purchases down to but nominal values in 2023. Their main hope is liquefied natural gas. Today the EU must make a crucial decision: whether it has passed the point of no return in gas business with Russia and whether it is certain that its economy will endure without supplies of Russian pipeline gas. Or, on the contrary, Europe will realise after all that the gas balance will not be achieved and the payment for so headlong a rush for LNG will be disproportionate. Assessment of the potential volume of LNG that will appear on the market before the end of the current decade will be the most important factor for making the decision.

All reports for: 2015 , 14 , 13 , 12 , 11 , 10 , 09 , 08 , 07

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